Sunday, 4 September 2022

Prism - Sandesa Kavya - Seema KS

In Samskṛta language, sandeśa means 'message' and kāvya means 'poem' or 'poetry'. Sandeśa Kāvya deals with the sending of a message through the agency of a messenger. The idea of sending of a message, through a messenger, from one person to another was taken up as an independent theme for a poem first by Ghatakarpara and later on by Kālidāsa, Dhoyī, Udaya, Bhavabhūti and many other poets of note. There are about fifty five Sandeśa Kāvya-s (also known as Dūta Kāvya-s). Sandeśa Kāvya belongs to the category of Khanḍa Kāvya. (Kāvya consisting one section or Khaṇda is called a Khaṇda Kāvya. It is different from a series of stanzas, or what is called as a Samghata. Khaṇda can employ themes much more freely and it usually narrates a story; or it might sometimes provide a background to the narrative. The classic examples are: Kālidāsa's Méghadútam having about just over one hundred stanzas and Bilhaṇa's Chauri-surata-pañcāshikā (fifty stanzas concerning secret enjoyment of love act.)

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